Many new gardeners and growers will typically ask the query “when is the best time to harvest my garlic?” or “how do I know my garlic is ready to harvest?”. There may be some debate amongst garlic growers as to the proper time for harvesting, however there are 4 vital tips to take into account.
(1) Time of Yr
In Canada and the Northern United States, garlic is normally harvested from mid-July to mid-August relying on the area and sort of garlic being grown. In hotter areas just like the Southern United States, the garlic harvest can begin as early as June. Though calendar dates may also help decide when to harvest garlic in a sure location, they need to solely be used as a tenet.
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Garlic maturity and harvest instances may be closely dependant on climate circumstances and places. Spring emergence, summer time temperatures and moisture circumstances all affect when the garlic vegetation mature and when they are going to be prepared for harvest. Which means garlic harvesting dates can shift by up to one or two weeks from yr to yr.
(2) Garlic Varieties
It isn’t a shock that completely different garlic varieties are prepared to harvest at completely different instances. This will make issues tough you probably have various several types of garlic in your backyard or subject. Though figuring out the kind of garlic you might be rising is not going to offer you a selected time when to harvest, it could possibly allow you to to be ready for when to begin observing the vegetation.
Usually, Asiatic and Turban garlic varieties can be harvested on the early aspect. They have an inclination to mature in a short time and want to be harvested earlier than they lose too many bulb rappers and cut up open. Artichoke (softnecks) varieties have a tendency to be prepared about 10 days sooner than the hardnecks, whereas most hardneck teams such because the Porcelain and Rocambole households take the longest to mature.
In hardneck varieties, scapes are fashioned in the course of the rising season and eliminated earlier than they absolutely kind (see scape elimination for extra data). The garlic bulbs are normally prepared 2 to 4 weeks after the scapes have emerged. This isn’t the principle sign for when to harvest the garlic, however offers you an concept of when to begin paying nearer consideration.
(4) Garlic Leaves & Bulb Wrappers
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Probably the most dependable sign of when to harvest your garlic, is to observe the variety of garlic leaves which have died versus the quantity which might be nonetheless inexperienced. Garlic will proceed to develop and improve its bulb dimension as long as there are nonetheless inexperienced leaves on the plant. This implies that you really want to go away the garlic within the floor rising for as long as doable to maximize bulb development, however not so long that they begin to deteriorate.
For Hardneck garlic, it’s normally really helpful that the bulbs are dug up when half the garlic plant leaves are nonetheless inexperienced and half are brown. Some growers like to harvest when there are nonetheless 1/3 of the leaves inexperienced and others when there are nonetheless 2/3 of the leaves inexperienced. This comes down to private desire and relies on a couple of components similar to how a lot cleansing the garlic would require, how long you need the garlic bulbs to retailer as soon as harvested and the garlic selection being grown.
It is vital to do not forget that the variety of leaves on a garlic plant corresponds to the variety of bulb wrapper layers. Which means because the leaves flip brown and die, the corresponding bulb wrappers start to die and deteriorate as properly. For instance, you probably have 6 inexperienced leaves when a plant is harvested you need to have 6 layers of bulb wrappers defending the cloves and permitting for cleansing and dealing with of the garlic. In case you have no inexperienced leaves, you in all probability have bulbs with uncovered cloves which might be unprotected.
Softneck garlic varieties can normally tolerate extra of their leaves dying earlier than being harvested. They have an inclination to have tighter, extra sturdy wrappers that may normally deal with just a little extra stress. Some growers wait till half the garlic vegetation have fallen over because the sign that harvest ought to start. Though this works in some circumstances, it’s nonetheless a good suggestion to observe an analogous technique described for hardneck garlic, as they share the identical rules across the variety of leaves and bulb wrappers.
In regards to the Writer: John Côté owns and operates John Boy Farms together with his household who’ve been farming the identical land for over 140 years. As an agronomist and skilled farmer, he helps different growers learn the way to develop garlic efficiently. He has written many articles and is the creator of The Grasp Information to Rising Huge Garlic.
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